ian watson

Publications

View my Google Scholar Profile

Books



The Universal Machine

The Universal Machine: From the Dawn of Computing to Digital Consciousness
by Ian Watson. Springer Copernicus Books, New York, US, 2012
buy the book now

ICCBR 12 Proceedings

Case-Based Reasoning Research and Development: 20th International Conference, ICCBR 2012, Lyon, France, September 3-6, 2012, Proceedings LNAI 7466. Edited by Belen Diaz Agudo and Ian Watson

buy the book now

click here to order the book

Applying Knowledge Management: techniques for building corporate memories. Ian Watson. (2003)
Morgan Kaufmann Publishers Inc. San Francisco CA. ISBN: 1-55860-760-9. 2003
buy the book now

Case-Based Reasoning Research and Development: 4th International Conference on Case-Based Reasoning, ICCBR-01, Vancouver Canada, July 30 - August 2 2001 David W. Aha & Ian Watson (Eds.) Springer LNAI 2080. 2001,  ISBN 3540423583 buy the book now

click here to order the book

Applying Case-Based Reasoning: Techniques for Enterprise Systems  Ian Watson (1997)
Morgan Kaufmann Publishers Inc. San Francisco CA. ISBN 1-55860-462-6
buy the book now

Progress in Case-Based Reasoning: First United Kingdom Workshop, Salford, UK, January 12, 1995 : Proceedings (Lecture Notes in Computer Science).  Springer Verlag, Berlin.
Ian Watson (Ed.)
ISBN 3540606548
buy the book now

4th. United Kingdom Case-Based Reasoning Workshop Proceedings. 15th. September 1999. Watson, I. (Ed.). AI-CBR, University of Salford (pdf)

Papers

Many of my research papers, reports and other publications can be downloaded as Acrobat (.pdf) files. They are ordered by year below.

This material is presented to ensure timely dissemination of scholarly and technical work. Copyright and all rights therein are retained by authors or by other copyright holders. All persons copying this information are expected to adhere to the terms and constraints invoked by each author's copyright. In most cases, these works may not be reposted without the explicit permission of the copyright holder.

 | 2014 | 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 20102009 | 2008 | 2007 | 2005 | 2004 | 2003 | 2002 | 2001 | 2000 | 1999 | 1998 | 1997 | 1996 | 1995 | earlier |

2014


Robertson, G. & Watson, I. (2014 in print). A Review of Real-Time Strategy Game AI. AI Magazine, AAAI Press, Menlo Park, CA. (pdf)

Wender, S. & Watson, I. (2014 in print). Combining Case-Based Reasoning and Reinforcement Learning for Unit Navigation in Real-Time Strategy Game AI. In Proc. of ICCBR 2014, the 22nd International Conference on Case-Based Reasoning, Cork, Ireland, Sept. (pdf)

Robertson, G. & Watson, I. (2014 in Press). An Improved Dataset and Extraction Process for Starcraft AI. To appear in FLAIRS 2014. (pdf)

2013

Norris, K. & Watson, I. (2013) A Statistical Exploitation Module for Texas Hold'em And Its Benefits When Used With an Approximate Nash Equilibrium Strategy. In Proc. Of  IEEE Conference on Computational Intelligence and Games 2013, Niagara, Canada. (pdf)

Wender, S. Cordier, A. & Watson, I. (2013). Building a Trace-Based System for Real-Time Strategy Game Traces. in Proc. of EXperience reuse: Provenance, Process-ORientation and Traces at ICCBR 2013, the 21st International Conference on Case-Based Reasoning, Saratoga, NY, USA. (pdf)

Zhen, S. & Watson, I. (2013). Neuroevolution for Micromanagement in the Real-Time Strategy Game Starcraft: Brood War. In Proc. of 26th Australasian Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence. Springer LNAI (pdf)

2012

Watson, I. (2012). The Universal Machine: From the Dawn of Computing to Digital Consciousness. Copernicus Books, New York. ISBN: 978-3642281013

Rubin, J. & Watson, I. (2012). Case-based strategies in computer poker. AI Communications 25:19-48. (pdf)

Agudo, B.D. & Watson, I. (Eds.) (2012) Case-Based Reasoning Research and Development. Proceedings of the 20th International Conference, on Case-Based Reasoning (ICCBR-12), Lyon, France, Springer LNCS 7466

Robertson, G.  & Watson, I. (2012). Applying Learning by Observation and Case-Based Reasoning to Improve Commercial RTS Game AI. In Proceedings of the 8th  AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Interactive Digital Entertainment (AIIDE '12). (pdf)

Watson, I., Rubin, J. & Robertson, G. (2012). SARTRE: a Case-Based Poker Web App. Proceedings of The 8th Australasian Conference on Interactive Entertainment: Playing the System (IE '12). Article No. 23. (pdf)

Abbott, A. & Watson, I. (2012). Ontology-Aided Product Classification: A Nearest Neighbour Approach. In Case-Based Reasoning Research and Development. Proceedings of the 20th International Conference, on Case-Based Reasoning (ICCBR-12), Lyon, France, Springer LNCS 7466 (pdf)

Robertson, G. & Watson, I. (2012). Case-Based Learning by Observation: Preliminary Work. Proceedings of The 8th Australasian Conference on Interactive Entertainment: Playing the System (IE '12). Article No. 24. (pdf)

2011


J. Rubin, I. Watson, (2011). Computer poker: A review, Artificial Intelligence, 175, pp. 958-87. (pdf)

Rubin, J. & Watson, I. (2011). Successful Performance via Decision Generalisation in No Limit Texas Hold'em. Proceedings of the Nineteenth International Conference on Case-Based Reasoning (ICCBR 2011). (Best Application Paper) (pdf)

Rubin, J. & Watson, I. (2011). On Combining Decisions from Multiple Expert Imitators for Performance. IJCAI-11, Proceedings of the Twenty-Second International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence. (pdf)

2010

Jonathan Rubin & Ian Watson. (2010). Similarity-Based Retrieval and Solution Re-use Policies in the Game of Texas Hold'em. In Case-Based Reasoning. Research and Development, 18th International Conference on Case-Based Reasoning, ICCBR 2010. (pdf)

van den Hurk, S. & Watson, I. (2010). A Multi-Layered Flocking System for Crowd Simulation. International Conference on Computer Games, Multimedia and Allied Technology (CGAT 2010). (pdf)

2009

Jonathan Rubin & Ian Watson. (2009). A Memory-Based Approach to Two-Player Texas Hold'em. In Proceedings of AI 2009: Advances in Artificial Intelligence, 22nd Australasian Joint Conference, pages 465-474, 2009. (pdf)

Jonathan Rubin & Ian Watson. (2009). SARTRE: System Overview. A Case-Based Agent for Two-Player Texas Hold'em. ICCBR 2009, Workshop on Case-Based Reasoning for Computer Games. (pdf)

Jonathan Rubin & Ian Watson. (2009). Memory and Analogy in Game-Playing Agents. ICCBR 2009, Workshop on Case-Based Reasoning for Computer Games. (pdf)

2008

Ian Watson, Song Lee, Jonathan Rubin & Stefan Wender. (2008). Improving a Case-Based Texas Hold’em Poker Bot. CIG'08: IEEE Symposium on Computational Intelligence and Games. (pdf)

Ian Watson & Jonathan Rubin. (2008). Casper: a Case-Based Poker-Bot. AI 2008: Advances in Artificial Intelligence, 21st Australasian Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence. (pdf)

Matthew Sheehan & Ian Watson. (2008). On the Usefulness of Interactive Computer Game Logs for Agent Modelling. Tenth Pacific Rim International Conference on Artificial Intelligence. (pdf)

Stefan Wender & Ian Watson. (2008). Using Reinforcement Learning for City Site Selection in the Turn-Based Strategy Game Civilization IV. CIG'08: IEEE Symposium on Computational Intelligence and Games. (pdf)

2007

Jonathan Rubin & Ian Watson (2007). Investigating the Effectiveness of Applying Case-Based Reasoning to the game of Texas Hold’em. Proc. of the 20th. Florida Artificial Intelligence Research Society Conference (FLAIRS) (pdf)

2005

Berndt, C., Watson, I. & Guesgen, H, (2005). OASIS: An Open Source AI Standard Interface Specification to Support Reasoning Representation and learning in Computer Games. In: Proc. Of the IJCAI-05 Workshop on Reasoning, Representation & learning in Computer Games (Eds. Aha, D. Munoz-Avila, H. & Van Lent, M.), PP. 19-24 (pdf)

2004

Hassan, H. & Watson, I. (2004) Tatari: An Open Source Software Tool for the Development and Evaluation of Recommender System Algorithms. In: Knowledge-Based Intelligent Information & Engineering Systems, Springer Verlag LNAI 3214, pp. 46-53 

Maghsoudi, S. & Watson, I. (2004). Epistemic Logic and Planning. In: Knowledge-Based Intelligent Information & Engineering Systems, Springer Verlag LNAI 3214, pp.36-45 

Watson, I. (2004). Capturing and Applying Lessons Learned During Engineering Equipment Installation. In: Knowledge-Based Intelligent Information & Engineering Systems, Springer Verlag LNAI 3213, pp.1249-54. 

Wills, A. & Watson, I. (2004) Building a Case-Based Reasoner for Clinical Decision Support. In, PRICAI 2004: Trends in Artificial Intelligence. Springer Verlag LNAI 3157 pp.554-62. 

Wills, A. & Watson, I. (2004) Evaluating a Case-Based Reasoner for Clinical Decisions Support. In: Knowledge-Based Intelligent Information & Engineering Systems, Springer Verlag LNAI 3213, pp.575-82.

2003

Mendes, E., Watson, I., Triggs, C., Mosley, N. & Counsell, S. (2003). A Comparative Study of Cost Estimation Models for Web Hypermedia Applications, Empirical Software Engineering – an international journal, Kluwer Academic Publishers, (accepted for publication). (pdf)

Mendes, E., Watson, I., Triggs, C., Mosley, N. & Counsell, S. (2003). A Comparison of Development Effort Estimation Techniques for Web Hypermedia Applications, Proceedings IEEE Metrics Symposium, June, Ottawa, Canada.

2002

Applying Knowledge Management: techniques for building corporate memories. Watson, I. (Ed.) Morgan Kaufmann Publishers Inc., San Francisco, CA. ISBN: 1-55860-760-9.  2002

Watson, I. (2002). A Knowledge Management Initiative by UK Local Government. In, Knowledge Management and Organizational Memories, Dieng-Kuntz, R. & Matta, N. (Eds.), chapter 10. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Boston, ISBN 0-7923-7659-5.

Watson, I. (2002). Applying Knowledge Management: techniques for building corporate memories. In, Proc. 6th European Conference on Case-Based Reasoning, Craw, S. & Preece, A. (Eds.). Springer-Verlag LNAI.

Watson, I., Mendes, E., Triggs, C., Mosley, N., Counsell, S. (2002). Using CBR to Estimate Development Effort For Web Hypermedia Applications. In, Proc. 15th Int. Florida AI Research Society Conf., Haler & Simmons (Eds.), Pensacola Beach Florida, pp. 132-136. AAAI Press, ISBN 0-1-57735-141-X

Mendes, E., Mosley, N., & Watson, I. (2002) A Comparison of Case-Based reasoning Approaches to Web Hypermedia Project Cost Estimation. In Proc. 11th International World Wide Web Conference, May, Hawaii, 2002.

2001

Research & Development in Case-Based Reasoning. Aha, D. & Watson, I. (Eds.) Proceedings of the 4th. International Conference on Case-Based Reasoning (ICCBR-2001), Vancouver, Canada, July - Aug 2001. Springer LNCS 2080.

Watson, I. (2001). A Case Study of Maintenance of a Commercially Fielded Case-Based Reasoning System. In, Computational Intelligence, Vol. 17 No. 2: pp.387-398 (pdf)

Watson, I. (2001). Case-Based Reasoning and Knowledge Management: a Perfect Match? In, Proc. FLAIRS-2001. 14th Int. FLAIRS Conference, Key West Florida May 21-23 2001. AAAI Press, Menlo Park CA, US. pp.118-123 (pdf)

Watson, I. (2001). A Decision Support System for Local Government Regulatory Advice. In, Proc. FLAIRS-2001. 14th Int. FLAIRS Conference, Key West Florida May 21-23 2001. AAAI Press, Menlo Park CA, US. pp. 329-333 (pdf)

2000

Watson, I. (2000). INFOSHOP: A Decision Support Tool for Local Government Regulatory Advice. In, Advances in Artificial Intelligence,  R. Kowalczyk, S.W. Loke, N.E. Reed, G. Graham (Eds.). Springer, Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence Vol. 2112, pp. 111 - 122.

Watson, I. (2000). Report on Expert Systems 99 Workshop: Using AI to Enable Knowledge Management. In, Expert Update Vol. 3 No. 2, pp. 36-38. ISSN 1465-4091 (pdf)

Sun M., N. Bakis, I. Watson, 2000, Knowledge based collaborative construction information network, Proceedings of International Conference on Construction Information Technology 2000, 17-18 January 2000, Hong Kong, pp575-589 (pdf)

Watson, I. (Ed.) (2000) Special Issue on Case-Based Reasoning. Expert Update Vol. 3, No. 1. ISSN 1465-4091 (pdf) or view the table of contents

Swann, W., Langford, N., Varey, R., & Watson , I. Viewing the Corporate Community as a Knowledge Network. In, Corporate Communications: An International Journal, Vol. 5 Number 2, pp. 97-106, ISSN: 1356-3289 (pdf)

Swann, W. & Watson, I. (2000). Construct-IT: A Knowledge Network. In Proceedings of the Knowledge Management Conference KMAC 2000. Aston University, Birmingham, UK, 17–18 July 2000. UK Operational research Society.

Watson, I. (2000). A Case-Based Reasoning Application for Engineering Sales Support using Introspective Reasoning. In, Proc. 17th. National Conference on Artificial Intelligence (AAA!-2000) and the 12th Innovative Applications of Artificial Intelligence Conference (IAAI-2000), July 30 - August 3, Austin Texas, pp. 1054-1059. AAAI Press. ISBN 0-262-51112-6 (pdf)

Watson, I. (2000). Lessons Learned During HVAC Installation. In AAAI-2000 Workshop  "Intelligent Lessons Learned Systems", Aha, D. & Weber, R. (Cochairs) July 31, Austin Texas.  Technical Report WS-00-03 pp. 59- 62. AAAI Press.  (pdf)

Watson, I. (2000). INFOSHOP: a decision support tool for local government regulatory advice. In, Proc. of  the Symposium on the Application of Artificial Intelligence in Industry, Lukose, D. & Williams, G. (Eds.), pp. 143-156. Deakin University, Victoria, Australia, ISBN 0-7300-2793-7. 28 August - 1 September, 2000, Melbourne, Australia. (pdf)

1999

IJCAI-99 Distinguished Paper Award
Watson, I. & Gardingen, D. (1999). A Distributed Case-Based Reasoning Application for Engineering Sales Support. In, Proc. 16th Int. Joint Conf. on Artificial Intelligence (IJCAI-99), Vol. 1: pp. 600-605. Morgan Kaufmann Publishers Inc. ISBN 1-55860-613-0 (pdf)

Watson, I., (1999). CBR is a methodology not a technology. In, the Knowledge Based Systems Journal, Vol. 12. no.5-6, Oct. 1999, pp.303-8. Elsevier, UK. (pdf)

Sun M., N. Bakis, and I. Watson, (1999), Intelligent agent based collaborative construction information network, International Journal of Construction Information Technology, Vol.7, No.2, pp35-46 (pdf)

Watson, I. Gardingen, D. (1999). A Case-Based Reasoning System for HVAC Sales Support on the Web. In, the Knowledge Based Systems Journal, Vol. 12. no. 5-6, pp.207-214 (pdf)

Watson, I. & Gardingen, D. (1999). Improving a Distributed Case-Based Reasoning System Using Introspective Learning. In, Research & Development in Intelligent Systems XVI, Bramer, M., Macintosh, A. & Coenen, F. (Eds.), pp.178-190. Springer, London. (pdf)

1998

Winner of the "Best Application Paper Prize" at the 18th. Annual International Conference of the British Computer Society Specialist Group on Expert Systems & Applied AI, University of Cambridge, December 1998.
Gardingen, D. & Watson, I. (1998). A Web Based Case-Based Reasoning System for HVAC Sales Support.  In, Applications & Innovations in Expert Systems VI.  Milne, R., Macintosh, A. & Bramer, M. (Eds.), pp. 11- 23. Springer, London. ISBN 1-85233-087-2. (zip)

Watson, I. (1998) CBR is a methodology not a technology. In, Research & Development in Expert Systems XV. Miles, R., Moulton, M. & Bramer, M. (Eds.), pp. 213-223. Springer, London. ISBN 1-85233-086-4. (zip)

Watson, I. & Perera, R.S. (1998). A Hierarchical Case Representation using Context Guided Retrieval. In, the Knowledge Based Systems Journal Vol. 11. Nos. 5-6, pp.285-292.     (pdf)

Watson, I. & Watson, H. (1998). Case-Based Content Navigation. In, the Knowledge Based Systems Journal Vol. 11 Nos. 5-6, pp.345-353.  (pdf)

Watson, I. (1998). Is CBR a Technology or a Methodology? In, Tasks & Methods in Applied Artificial Intelliegence. del Pobil., A.P. Mira, J. & Ali, M. (Eds.), pp. 525-534. Springer-Verlag Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence 1416, Berlin.  (zip)

Perera, S. & Watson, I. (1998). Collaborative case-based estimating & design. In, Advances in Engineering Software. Vol. 29, No. 10 pp. 801-808. Elsevier Science. (pdf)

Watson, I. & Oliveira, L. (1998). Virtual Reality as an Environment for Case-Based Reasoning. In, Advances in Case-Based Reasoning. Cunningham, P. & Smyth, B. (Eds.), pp.448-459. Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence # 1488. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. ISBN 3-540-64990-5 (pdf)
Buch Titel Foreword to: Optimierung der Kundenbeziehung mit CBR-Systemen Intelligente: Systeme für E-Commerce und Support, by Markus Stolpmann, Stefan Wess. Addison Wesley in the Business & Computing Series. (1998) ISBN 3-8273-1436-4

1997

Watson, I. & Watson, H. (1997). Case-Based Content Navigation. In, Applications & Innovations in Expert Systems V. Macintosh, A. & Milne, R. (Eds), pp. 185-196. SGES Publications ISBN 1-899621-19-9 (zip)

Watson, I. & Perera, R.S. (1997), The Evaluation of a Hierarchical Case Representation using Context Guided Retrieval. In Case-Based Reasoning Research & Development, Leake, D.B. & Plaza, E. (Eds.). Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence Vol. 1266. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. (zip)

.Watson, I. & Watson, H. (1997). CAIRN: A Case-Based Document Retrieval System. In, Proceedings of the 3rd. United Kingdom Case-Based Reasoning Workshop. University of Manchester. Filer, N. & Watson, I (Eds.) (zip)

Oliveira, L. & Watson, I. (1997). Case-Based Reasoning in Virtual Reality. In, Proceedings of the 3rd. United Kingdom Case-Based Reasoning Workshop. University of Manchester. Filer, N. & Watson, I (Eds.)  (zip)

Watson, I. & Perera, R.S. (1997). A Hierarchical Case Representation using Context Guided Retrieval. In, Research & Development in Expert Systems XIV. Hunt, J. & Bramer, M. (Eds.), pp.27-38. SGES Publications, ISBN 1-899621-20-2  (zip)

Watson, I., and Perera, R.S. (1997), "Case-Based Design: A Review and Analysis of Building Design Applications". Journal of Artificial Intelligence for Engineering Design, Analysis and Manufacturing AIEDAM, Vol. 11, No. 1, pp. 59-87, Cambridge University Press, New York. (pdf)

Watson, I. & Perera, R.S. (1997). Context Guided Retrieval. In, Proceedings of the 3rd. United Kingdom Case-Based Reasoning Workshop. University of Manchester. Filer, N. & Watson, I (Eds.).  (zip)

Filer, N. & Watson, I (Eds.) (1997). Proceedings of the 3rd. United Kingdom Case-Based Reasoning Workshop. University of Manchester.

Oliveira, L. Retik, A. & Watson, I. (1997). The Integration of VR and CBR to Visually Represent Past Experiences. In, Application of Artificial Intelligence in Structural Engineering - IV, Heinisuo, M. (Ed.), pp.105-16. ISBN: 951-722-825-2

Oliveira, L. Retik, A. & Watson, I. (1997). Intelligent Training Using Past Experiences in Virtual Reality: An Application for Scaffold Inspection. In, Proc. of ARCOM97, Vol.2 pp.443-53

Watson, I. (1997). Intelligent Systems. In, The Armathwaite Initiative: Global Construction It Futures, Brandon, P.S., & Betts, M. (Eds.), pp.85-88. ISBN: 1-900491-03-6

Oliveira, L., Watson, I. & Retik, A. (1997). Intelligent Visualisation as an Interface for CBR Systems. In, Innovation in Civil & Construction Engineering, Leeming, M.B.& Topping, B.H.V. (Eds.). Civil-Comp Press. ISBN 0-948749-51-2

1996

Perera, R.S., and Watson, I. (1996). Multi-Agent Collaborative Case-Based Estimating and Design in NIRMANI: Organising a Multi-Perspective Case Memory, Kumar, B. (Ed.), Information Processing in Civil and Structural Engineering Design, pp. 53-64, Civil-Comp Press, Scotland, U.K. (zip)

Watson, I.D (1996) Case-Based Reasoning Tools: An Overview. In, Progress in Case-Based Reasoning. Proceedings of the 2nd UK Workshop on Case Based Reasoning. Watson, I. (Ed.) University of Salford April 10th 1996. AI-CBR/SGES Publications, pp. 71-88. (zip)

Hamilton, A. Watson, I. & Galvin, G. (1996) Hestor: Housing Estate SimulaTOR, for education and collaborative policy making, In, Proc of The Future of Housing Services, 23rd - 24th May 1996, Glasgow University.

Mateus, M., Watson, I., Aouad, G. & Grilo, A. (1996). An interpretive methodology for information systems strategy development in project management. In Proc. CIB W78 Workshop, Slovenia.

Perera, R.S. (1996), "NIRMANI: An Integrated Approach to Case-Based Design and Estimating", In, Progress in Case-Based Reasoning. Proceedings of the 2nd UK Workshop on Case Based Reasoning. Watson, I. (Ed.) University of Salford April 10th 1996. AI-CBR/SGES Publications.

Watson, I. (Ed.) (1996). Progress in Case-Based Reasoning. Proceedings of the 2nd UK Workshop on Case Based Reasoning. University of Salford April 10th 1996. AI-CBR/SGES Publications.

Watson, I. & Morgan, A. (Eds.) (1996). The Intelligent Systems Integration Programme - ES96 Papers, SGES Publications, Oxford, UK. ISBN 1-899621-14-8

1995

Watson, I. (1995). An Introduction to Case-Based Reasoning. In Progress in Case-Based Reasoning, Watson, I. (Ed.), pp. 3-16. Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence 1020, Springer-Verlag, Berlin.  (zip)

Brown, M., Watson, I. &Filer, N. (1995). Separating the Cases from the Data; Towards More Flexible Case-Based Reasoning.  In, Case-Based Reasoning Research and Development Veloso, M., & Aamodt, A. (Eds.) Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence 1010 Springer-Verlag Berlin. (zip)

Watson, I.(1995) Progress in Case-Based Reasoning, Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence 1020, Springer Verlag, Berlin. ISBN 3-540-60654-8.  (zip)

Marir, F. & Watson, I. (1995). Can CBR imitate human intelligence and are such systems easy to design and maintain?  In, Progress in Case-Based Reasoning, Watson, I. (Ed.), pp. 107-117, Springer Verlag, LNAI 1020, Berlin.  (zip)

Marir, F. & Watson, I. (1995). CBRefurb: A Case-Based Building Refurbishment Cost Estimator and Decision Support System. In Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on the Application of AI to Civil & Structural Engineering, Civil Comp 95, Cambridge, UK (zip)

Watson, I., and Perera, R.S. (1995), "NIRMANI: An Integrated Case-Based Design & Estimating System", Macintosh, A., and Cooper, C. (ed.), Applications and Innovations in Expert Systems III - Proceedings of the Expert Systems '95, pp. 335 - 348, SGES Publications, U.K.  (zip)

Perera, R.S., and Watson, I. (1995), "NIRMANI: An Integrated Case-Based System for Strategic Design and Estimating", In, Progress in Case-Based Reasoning, Watson, I. (Ed.), pp. 185 - 200, Springer Verlag, LNAI 1020, Berlin.  (zip)

Watson, I. (1995). GENSYM: an Intelligent Object Oriented Database for Maintenance Planning of Engineered Artefacts. In, Developments in Computer Aided Design & modelling for Civil Engineering. Topping, B.H.V. (Ed.), pp. 49-55. Civil-Comp Press, Edinburgh.

Perera, R. S., Watson, I. D., and Alshawi, M. (1995), "Case-Based Design Approach for Integration of Design and Estimating", Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on the Application of AI to Civil & Structural Engineering, Civil Comp 95, Cambridge, UK.

Perera, R.S., and Watson, I. (1995), "An Integrated Approach for Case-Based Design and Estimating", Colloquium on Case-Based Reasoning : Prospects for Applications, Professional Group C4 (AI), IEE, Digest No. 1995/047, London.

1994

Watson, I., & Marir, F. (1994). Case-Based Reasoning: A Review. The Knowledge Engineering Review, Vol. 9 No. 4: pp. 355-381  (zip)

Marir, F. & Watson, I. (1994). Case-Based Reasoning: A Categorised Bibliography. The Knowledge Engineering Review, Vol. 9 No. 4: pp. 382-419 (zip)

Brandon, P.S. & Watson, I. (1994). Professional Involvement in the Development of Expert Systems for the Construction Industry. Journal of Computing in Civil Engineering. Vol. 8 No. 4, October 1994, pp. 507-518.  (zip)

Watson, I. (1994). Two Case Studies in Expert System Development. In, Proc. 2nd. World Congress on Expert Systems, Lisbon, Portugal, Jan 10-14, 1994. (zip)

Watson, I. & Abdullah, S. (1994). Developing Case-Based Reasoning Systems: A Case Study in Diagnosing Building Defects. In: IEE Digest No: 1994/057, Case Based Reasoning: Prospects for Applications., pp. 1/1 - 1/3

Watson, I. (1994). The Application of an Expert System Development Methodology. In Research & Development in Expert Systems XI. SGES Publications Oxford, UK.  (zip)

Watson, I., & Abudullah, S. (1994)..Diagnosing Building Defects Using Case-Based Reasoning. In, Proc. of CIB W70 1994 Tokyo Symposium.   (zip)

Watson, I. (1994). The Case for Case-Based Reasoning. In, Proc. Information Technology Awareness in Engineering Conference, 21-22 November 1994, London.  (zip)

1993

Watson, I. (1993). LC-Maintenance Plan: An Expert System for Strategic Maintenance Planning. In, Proc. IEA/AIE-93, Edinburgh, June 1993  (zip)

Watson, I. (1993).THE AGENDA MANAGER: A Truth Maintenance System for Inferencing with Objects. In, Proc. of Object Technology 93, Jesus College Cambridge, April, 1993. BCS OOPS Group.

Watson, I. (1993). The Decision Tree Maker: An Educational Tool for the Representation of Knowledge. In, Proc. AI in Education (AI-ED 93), Edinburgh, August 1993.

Watson, I., Brandon, P. & Basden, A. (1993) Common-Objects: An Object-Oriented Inference System Shared by Three Construction Knowledge-Bases. In, Proc. AI-Civil-Comp 93, Edinburgh, August, 1993.

Watson, I. (1993) Prototyping Using Asymetrix Toolbook. In, Windows User, April 1993, p.9

Watson I.D. (1993) Common-Objects: An Object oriented Inference System Shared by Three Construction Knowledege Bases. In, Knowledge Based Systems for Civil & Structural Engineering, Ed. B.H.V. Topping, Civil-Comp Press, pp.119-128. ISBN:0-948749-19-9.

Watson, I. Haydon, G. Picton, M. Basden, A. & Brandon, P. (1993). Common Objects: An object-oriented inferencing system shared by three construction knowledge based systems. In, Proc. 9th. Annual ARCOM Conference, Oxford University, Sept. 1993. pp.140-48.

Watson, I. (1993). The EDESIRL Project - the development of expert systems for and by construction professionals. In, Proc. 9th. Annual ARCOM Conference, Oxford University, Sept. 1993. pp.311-21.

Brandon, P.S., & Watson, I. (1993). Intelligent systems for the management of buildings. In, Building Research and Information, Vol.21(iv): pp.239-42.

Watson, I. Brandon, P. Basden, A., Haydon, G. & Picton, M. (1993). Common-Objects: An Object Oriented Inferencing System Shared by Four Knowledge Based Systems. In: Applications & Innovations in Expert Systems I, (Ed. I.M. Graham), pp.71-82, BHR Group Ltd. & British Computer Society Specialist Group on Expert Systems, ISBN: 185598 021 5

1992

Watson, I., Basden, A., & Brandon, P.S., (1992). A Client Centred Approach to the Development of Expert Systems. Expert Systems, Vol. 9 (iv): pp.181-88. (zip)

Watson, I., Basden, A., & Brandon, P.S., (1992). A Client Centred Approach to the Maintenance  of Expert Systems. Expert Systems, Vol. 9 (iv): pp189-96. (zip)

Watson, I., Brandon, P.S., & Basden (1992) A Client Centred Approach to the Development of Expert Systems. Manufacturing Intelligence, 11: pp.8-11. (zip)

Watson, I., Gunshon, G., Brandon, P.S., & Basden, (1992). An Expert System That Estimates Budgets For Residential Construction Projects. In, Proc. of the 7th. Int. Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Engineering, AIENG92. (zip)

Watson, I., (1992). Project management for the Evolutionary Development of Expert Systems. In: Research and Development in Expert Systems IX, Bramer, M.A., Milne, R.W., (Eds.), pp.61-73. Publ. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK. ISBN: 0 521 445175 (zip)

Watson, I., Gunshon, G., Brandon, P.S., & Basden, A. (1992). Strategic Budget Estimation for Residential Construction Projects. In, Proc. of the 8th. Annual. Conference of the Association of Researchers in Construction Management ARCOM'92. Eastham, R.A., & Skitmore, R.M. (Eds.), pp.37-48. ISBN: 0 9519060 3 8.

Watson, I., Brandon, P.S., Basden, A. & Norman, M. (1992) EMMY: an expert system for the prediction of strategic maintenance. In: Proc. of the IEE Computing & Control Division Colloquium on "Artificial Intelligence in Civil Engineering," 16 January 1992, Digest No: 1992/011, pp.7/1-7/3. IEE.

Watson, I., Hiley, A., Brandon, P.S., & Basden, A. (1992). An Expert System That Predicts Strategic Cash Flows For Construction Projects. In, Proc. of the 7th. Int. Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Engineering, AIENG92

Watson, I., Brandon, P., & Basden , A. (1992). The Development of a Knowledge Based System for Predicting Strategic Building Maintenance. In, Proc. 4th. International Conference on Software Engineering and Knowledge Engineering, IEEE Computer Society Press.

Watson, I. & Norman, M. (1992). ProTest: A Knowledge Analysis Tool for the Development of Expert Systems. In, Proc. 4th. International Conference on Software Engineering and Knowledge Engineering, IEEE Computer Society Press.

Watson, I., Basden, A., & Brandon, P. (1992). A client centred approach to the development of expert systems. In, Proc. 12th. International. Workshop on Artificial Intelligence, Expert Systems & Natural Language, Avignon, June 92.

Watson, I. D., & Brandon, P. (1992). An Expert System for Strategic Maintenance Planning. In, Proc. Joint CIB Integrated Computer Aided Design & Computers & Building Standards Workshops, Montreal, May 92.

Watson, I., & Brandon, P. (1992). Strategic Budget Estimation for Residential Construction Projects. In. Proc. EXPERSYS-92 Attia, F., Flory, A., Hashemi, S., Gouarderes, & Marciano, J.P., M. (Eds.). I.I.T.T. International, Paris, France. pp.445-40. ISBN: 2-907669-25-7.

Watson, I., & Brandon, P.S. (1992). EMMY: An Expert System for the Management of Strategic Maintenance in Residential Buildings. In, Proc. Int. Symposium on Innovations in Management, Maintenance & Modernisation of Buildings, Rotterdam, Holland, 1992.

Brandon, P.S., & Watson, I. (1992). INTELLIGENT SYSTEMS FOR THE MANAGEMENT OF BUILDINGS. In, Proc. Int. Symposium on Innovations in Management, Maintenance & Modernisation of Buildings, Rotterdam, Holland, 1992.

Watson, I., & Brandon, P. (1992). Strategic Maintenance Prediction: An Expert System For Facilities Managers. In, Facilities Management: Research Directions, Proc. 2nd. IFMA International Symposium, (Ed. Barrett P.), pp.225-237. Publ. Dept. of Surveying, University of Salford, ISBN 0 951906011

Watson, I., Hiley, A., Brandon, P.S., & Basden, A. (1992). The Strategic Prediction of Cash Flows For Construction Projects. In, Proc. of the 8th. Annual. Conference of the Association of Researchers in Construction Management ARCOM'92. Eastham, R.A., & Skitmore, R.M. (Eds.), pp.240-51. ISBN: 0 9519060 3 8.

1991

Basden, A., Watson, I., & Brandon, P.S. (1991).The Evolutionary Development of Expert Systems. In: Research and Development in Expert Systems VIII, pp.67-81. Eds. I.M. Graham & R.W. Milne. Publ. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK. ISBN: 0-521-41836-4.  (zip)

Watson, I., Brandon, P.S., & Basden, A. (1991). EMMY : An Expert System for Predicting Maintenance for Housing Associations. In: Management, Quality & Economics in Building. Transactions of the European Symposium on Management, Quality and Economics in Housing and Other Building Sectors, Eds. Bezelga, A., & Brandon, P.. pp.1603-1611. Chapman & Hall, London, UK. ISBN 0 419 17470 2

Watson, I., Brandon, P.S., & Basden, A. (1991). The Development of a Knowledge Based System for Predicting Building Maintenance. Microcomputers in Civil Engineering. 6: pp.303-10.

1989 and before

Watson, I., Shave, M.J., & Moralee, D.S. (1989). A Knowledge Analysis Methodology Using an Intermediate Representation Based on Conceptual Graphs. In: Proc. 9th. Int. Workshop on Expert Systems & their Applications, 1: pp.183-198. (zip)

Watson, I. (1989). A Knowledge Analysis Methodology for Conceptual Graphs. Ph.D. Thesis, Department of Computer Science, University of Liverpool, UK.

Watson, I. (1986). AQUADOC: a knowledge-based system for diagnosis of fish disease. M.Sc. Dissertation, Department of Computer Science, University of Essex.

 and finally, before computers (BC), in a past life,  I was an immunologist......

Watson, I., Mughal, M.S., & Manning, M.J. (1983). The role of the thymus in teleost fish. Proc. Brit. Soc. Develop. Biol. Conf. 83, pp.27-29.

Watson, I., & Mughal, M.S. (1983). The role of the teleost thymus: an experimental study of antigen exposure in young carp. Proc. Fisheries Soc. Brit. Isles Symp. July '83, pp.26-28

last updated 01/03/14